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Management of diabetic foot ulcers: a 25% lidocaine topical cream formulation design, physicochemical and microbiological assessments

Background

Given the importance of surgical debridement in healing of diabetic foot ulcers, effective local anaesthesia is required to manage the related extreme pain. The pharmaceutical proprietary products currently available have low concentrations and do not exceed 5% w/w local anaesthetic.

Objective

Formulation design of a lidocaine cream of 25% and assessment of the intrinsic stability.

Methods

A cream pharmaceutical form was chosen for its ability to cross the skin barrier and effectively anaesthetise the skin. The choice of cream formula is based on changes in the size of the emulsions and resistance to physical stress. Stability tests were assessed over a 6-month period in terms of physical (evaluation of oil droplets), microbiological (germ count and identification, and preservative antimicrobial efficacy) and chemical parameters (content and pH).

Results

Under the study conditions, the drug product displayed good physicochemical and microbiological stability for 6 months at 20°C and 40°C, and no degradation product was detected. Due to the systemic adverse effects of lidocaine, the pH stability guarantee the drug product tolerance along with very weak systemic passage.

Conclusions

Given the good physicochemical and microbiological stability of the drug product over 6-month period, it has been made available to the clinical unit. An average of 250 patients per year benefit from the treatment with an excellent efficacy/tolerability ratio.

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